Learning About Diabetes
What is Diabetes?
- Type 1 Diabetes. This diabetes is often diagnosed in childhood. Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease and is caused when the immune system attacks the pancreas, preventing it from making insulin. This can be a genetic condition.
- Type 2 Diabetes. This is the most common type of diabetes. More than 95% of diabetes cases are diagnosed in adults. Due to the increase in obesity and overweight children and teenagers, Type 2 diabetes is now common in all age ranges. Type 2 diabetes is often caused by lifestyle habits including poor diet, obesity, and lack of exercise.
- Gestational Diabetes. This diabetes occurs during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is typically diagnosed in mid-to-late pregnancy. Gestational diabetes puts the unborn baby at risk of abnormal weight gain before birth, breath problems, and diabetes risk.
What are The Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes?
- Increased hunger and fatigue. Because your body isn’t able to process the glucose (energy) from your food, you’ll feel low on energy and hungry.
- Increased thirst and urination. People with diabetes have to pee much more frequently than those without the diabetes. On average, a healthy person pees between four and seven times in a 24 hour period. Because people with diabetes pee more often, they typically have higher levels of thirst.
- Dryness. You can experience a dry pasty mouth and dry itchy skin. This dryness and itchiness is caused by your increased level of urination and lack of body fluid.
- Blurry vision. Because of an imbalance in your fluid levels, your eyes can swell. This swelling causes blurred vision.
- Unusual weight fluctuations.
- Cuts and sores that are slow-to-heal.
- High frequency of yeast infections
- Numbness and tingling in your hands and feet.
- Erectile dysfunction.
- New velvety dark skin patches in the groin, neck, and armpits.
How is Diabetes Diagnosed and Treated?
- Fasting glucose test. Your blood sugar levels are measured in the morning before you have had anything to eat or drink.
- Oral glucose tolerance test. This test requires you to drink a high glucose drink and then your blood glucose levels are measured every 30 to 60 minutes for three hours.
- A1c test. This is a blood test that reads your average blood sugar levels for the previous two to three months.
- Insulin. The type of diabetes you have and how your body processes insulin, determines the type of insulin you require. How you receive the insulin is based on the insulin type and frequency it’s required. Some people use an insulin pump or self-inject insulin – it really depends on what is best for you.
- Drugs. There is a range of drugs available based on the type of diabetes and the impacts of the diagnosis. For example, drugs that impact glucose (sugar) production, increase insulin levels, or block the absorption of glucose.
- Diet. It’s important that people with diabetes eat a balanced healthy diet. It’s also key that your meals are eaten on a regular schedule. You’ll work with dietician to determine the best diet and meal schedule for your diabetes diagnosis.
- Exercise. Exercise improves the way your body uses insulin and can help lower your blood sugar levels. As well, because obesity is a common cause of Type 2 diabetes, exercise is frequently prescribed. Talk to your doctor about the best exercise plan for you diabetes diagnosis.
- Natural supplements. Recent research shows that AHCC can have blood sugar lowering effects . Talk to your doctor and healthcare specialist about taking natural supplements such as AHCC to help treat your diabetes.